What You Should Know About PCOS & Infertility : Dr. Gautam Allahbadia’s Expert Advice

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Dr Gautam Allahbadia talks about PCOS and infertility
Dr Gautam Allahbadia talks about PCOS and infertility

One of the most common conditions in reproductive-aged women is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) – which can even result in infertility. An expert in IVF and ART, Dr. Gautam Allahbadia shares his professional light on the subject.

As the understanding of the human body is sharpened through advancements made in the field of medical science, we are becoming better informed by various predicaments faced by our bodies as well as their solutions achieved through expert knowledge. When it comes to the female body, there is a need for an intricate familiarity on matters which influence life and health, especially when it comes to women who are in the reproductive phase of their lives.

One such issue of concern in women is the disruptive condition of PCOS – Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. PCOS entails an imbalance of hormones in the body, which affects not only the reproductive process, but also the general health and condition of women who are impacted by it. The disorder leads to excessive production of androgens in women, such as testosterone and DHEAS (Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate). The imbalance caused by varying levels of Luteinizing Hormone (LH) and Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) may cause development of cysts as well as prevent ovulation in the female body.

Dr. Gautam Allahbadia, who is an eminent voice of authority and expertise on the subject, speaks on the medical condition and states, “In a research published in 2020 by the Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences, PCOS affects anywhere between 4% to 20% of reproductive-aged women. The variation in the numbers is a result of many cases going undiagnosed or even misdiagnosed as other medical conditions”. His words point towards the multifaceted predicaments caused by PCOS in maintaining a healthy menstrual cycle, which even lead to forming of ovarian cysts and immense difficulty in conceiving.

The more common symptoms associated with the syndrome include loss of hair as well as growth of facial hair, and surge in acne – due to higher levels of androgens. On contrary, if estrogen levels are higher than normal, then the endometrial tissue in the uterus is likely to thicken and cause irregular periods. With latest scientific breakthroughs and technological advancements in the medical field, many symptoms of PCOS can be easily diagnosed and effectively dealt with, under proper medical advice and guidance.

On the topic of fertility, Dr. Gautam Allahbadia elaborates on the medical process behind the effect which PCOS has on a woman’s reproductive system: “Despite the presence of follicles in the ovaries, women with PCOS face a certain lack of FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone), which prevents the ovaries from receiving the signal for ovulation. This increases the struggle with fertility in women who are trying to conceive”.

For symptoms such as acne, hair loss, and irregular periods, shifting to a healthier diet and lifestyle changes can prove to be immensely beneficial. Reduction of processed carbohydrates in the diet, increased intake of high-fiber and antioxidant-rich foods and a regular exercise regime help to regulate the hormones. Additionally, for individuals who aim to increase their chances of pregnancy with PCOS, the modern age of medical science has a lot to offer.

As medical science has progressed over the years, the medical fraternity has evolved various methods to counter the effects of PCOS in women and help them overcome their body’s struggle with infertility. A medical professional with over 25 years of expertise in Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART) and In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF), Dr. Gautam Allahbadia assures those with the syndrome to understand the medical process and trust the experts.

In case the dietary and lifestyle changes prove to be inefficient in addressing PCOS, there are medications prescribed by the medical doctors and fertility experts which work to stimulate the follicles and facilitate in maturing of eggs in the ovaries. “Certain individuals with PCOS are prescribed Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERMs) by their fertility doctors, such as clomiphene and tamoxifen. This is highly individualistic and expert guidance is necessary to adapt to the specific needs of a body”, explains Dr. Allahbadia. “If these oral pills fail to function as intended, there are other medications which are injected into the body, for instance, Menopur, Gonal-F, and Follitism.”

Nevertheless, many people are unable to benefit from fertility medications due to the specificities in their bodies and the limits of the pills. For such people, in addition to the medications, Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART), such as Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) and In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF), are utilized to enhance pregnancy rates. Dr. Allahbadia has decades of experience with these treatment methods and is one of the pioneers of the IVF Lite process which has proved a game changer in hyper-responder PCOS patients.

As Consultant Reproductive Endrocrinology & IVF at the Millennium Medical Centre, Dubai, UAE he explains the procedure of IVF for people with PCOS and how beneficial it is under proper medical guidance. Imparting his professional expertise, he elucidates, “Medications are used to develop follicles in the ovaries, which stimulates the production of eggs. These mature eggs are then retrieved and separately placed together with sperm in a petridish in the IVF laboratory. Finally, the fertilized embryo is transferred into the uterus, and the pregnancy is closely monitored by the fertility specialists.”

For people with PCOS, Dr. Gautam Allahbadia’s advice and insight serve as rejuvenating words in realizing their dreams of parenthood. He underscores the imperative necessity of comprehending and following expert medical advice and recommendations at every stage of fertilization, so that the hopes of countless couples and families continue to be fulfilled.

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